Photographs of Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado's Trip to Venezuela and 26 of July Movement Celebrations
Scope and Content
The collection consists of 59 silver gelatin photographs, and it illustrates Cuban and Venezuelan relations during the beginning of the 1960s. There are 31 large photographs, approximately 25 by 20.2 cm, and 28 small photographs, approximately 18 by 12.7 cm. Some of the larger photographs show President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado and the events related to his visit on June 1960. For example, in one photograph Torrado is shown alongside his associates, including Luis Orlando Rodríguez, disembarking an airplane and being greeted by a large crowd in a Venezuelan airport. Other images show Cuban and Venezuelan dignitaries partaking in private meetings and conversations. Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela during that time, is also featured in some of the images. In the photographs, he is featured alongside Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Raúl Roa García and Luis Orlando Rodríguez. Other significant Cuban dignitaries are shown in these images. However, they have yet to be identified. The rest of the larger photographs depict the events related to the celebration of the 26 of July Movement in Venezuela.
The smaller photographs of this collection focus solely on the activities and demonstrations related to a 26 of July Movement celebration in Venezuela. One can see Venezuelan and Cuban officials, such as Dr. Humberto Cuenca and Dr. Ricardo Molina Martí, giving speeches in front of large crowds in both the Plaza Bolívar and the Plaza Martí. While most of the images show people supporting the celebration of the 26 of July Movement, it is important to mention that protests and demonstrations took place against the celebration and Castro. Moreover, Andrés Covas Casas, police officer and coordinator for the 26 of July Movement event was assassinated hours after the festivities.
The collection is open for research.
In the aftermath of the Cuban Revolution in January 1959, Cuban and Venezuelan leaders attempted to create ties between the two nations. On January 23, 1959, just days after the overthrow of President Fulgencio Batista (1901-1973), Fidel Castro (1926-2016), visited Venezuela. Castro went to meet Venezuelan President Rómulo Betancourt (1908-1981) and to celebrate the overthrow of Marcos Pérez Jiménez, former dictator of Venezuela. Jiménez was overthrown a year before Castro's visit on January 23, 1958, during a coup planned by frustrated members within Jiménez's Armed Forces. While most of the trip was positive and Castro was highly celebrated by the public, there were some minor discords between Betancourt and Castro. These discords stemmed from the fact that Betancourt was more inclined to deal with the United States than to fully support Castro's anti-Yankee campaign.
Moreover in March 1960, Cuban Foreign Minister Raúl Roa García visited Venezuela in order to meet with President Betancourt and establish where the Venezuelan government stood in relation to the revolution and Castro. It was during this time that more problems arose between the two nations as Betancourt refused to attend the Havana Conference of underdeveloped nations.
On June 6, 1960, President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado and members of the Cuban cabinet came to Venezuela. This event is highlighted in the photographs. Torrado and his associates however were not fully welcomed. For example, Betancourt did not receive them upon their arrival at the airport and the Venezuelan Chief Executive did not attend the reception in Torrado's honor at the Cuban Embassy. Interestingly, while the Venezuelan government may not have been in full support of Cuba, the Venezuelan public and academic circles respected the Cuban nation and had high regards for Castro. For this reason, the public manifested celebrations for the 26 July Movement.
.21 Linear Feet (1 Box)
Language of Materials
Photographs highlighting Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado's visit to Venezuela alongside important Cuban cabinet members in June 1960, and other moments of Cuban and Venezuelan relations, including the Venezuelan celebration of the 26 of July Movement in 1960.
University of Florida Smathers Library Building
Alternate Form of Finding Aid
This guide is available in Spanish at https://www.uflib.ufl.edu/findingaids/Spanish/mss0432.pdf.
Purchased in 2018.
- A Guide to the Photographs of Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado's Trip to Venezuela and 26 of July Movement Celebrations
- Finding aid created by Katiana M. Bagué
- May 2018
- Description rules
- Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is written in English.
Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository
George A. Smathers Libraries
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Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America