Skip to main content

Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MSS 0625

Scope and Content

This is a comprehensive and extensive collection about Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” and his life work. As a cameraman, photographer, and photojournalist, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” covered the news in Cuba and countries such as Mexico, the United States, Central and South America, England, and even the Vatican City in Italy. The collection includes digital copies as well as original works both by, and about, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo”.

The collection is arranged thematically, alphabetically, and chronologically as needed, in nine series:

Series 1: Photographs – contains photographs of many diverse themes, from major news events, political figures, actors, to special reports on Cuban counter-revolutionary groups. The collection includes photographs of John F. Kennedy, Brigada 2506, Alpha 66, Muhammad Ali, Orfila Massacre, to photographs of Luci Arnaz, ballet dancers, a circus lion tamer, Marisol Malaret, and children playing in flooded waters in Miami.

Series 2: Publications - contains books where Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” is featured or mentioned, as well as newspaper and journals featuring his photographs. There are some publications featuring both, text and photographs, by Eduardo Hernández “Guayo”. There are instances where photographs in the Series may correspond to a published article, and this is noted in the guide for reference.

Series 3: Documents – contains documents related to Eduardo Hernández “Guayo's” career such as accolades, letters of appreciation, research about “Guayo”; letters and contracts about “Yo Volveré” and “Historia de una Traición”; a statement from "Guayo" published in Bohemia about closing Noticuba due to censorship; eulogies and honors following his death.

Series 4: Illustrations and paintings – contains original illustrations and paintings gifted to Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” and Luis Hernández Abreu.

Series 5: Albums – the albums are compilations of materials related to Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” life and career. Most of the albums were created by Eduardo “Guayito” Hernández and Luis Hernández Abreu, gathering photographs, documents, texts, certificates, news articles about their father. Two albums were created by Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” himself, “Yo Volvere” and an album he made while living and working in Puerto Rico to make as an archival record of his work.

Series 6: Stamps – contains books of stamps, some created by Eduardo Hernandez “Guayo” himself, and Marianna Hernández Abreu. The collection also contains stamps from Cuba.

Series 7: Artifacts – contains items that belonged to Eduardo Hernández “Guayo”, including a briefcase, Cuban flags, camera, camera lenses, and a car hood ornament.

Series 8: Oral histories – includes interviews with Eduardo “Guayito” Hernandez and Luis Hernandez Abreu by Dr. Lillian Guerra.

Series 9: Audiovisual – contains films and documentaries by, and about, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo”, including “Sierra Maestra: Baluarte de la Revolución Cubana”, “De la Tiranía a la Libertad”, "Historia de una Traición" and “Yo Volveré”; digitized copies of Noticuba, Cineperiódico, and Noticiario Nacional news and documentaries, Orfila Massacre, Vivien Lesnick Weisman’s documentary “El Hombre de las dos Habanas”, and more.

The collection contains content that may be disturbing to some viewers. Viewer discretion is advised.

Dates

  • Creation: 1916 - 2023

Creator

Language of Materials

Includes materials written in English and Spanish.

Access

The collection is open for research.

This collection contains images of historical events, in print and audiovisual format, including images of a violent and graphic nature. Viewer discretion adviced.

Biographical/Historical Note

Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” (1916-1978), was born Eduardo Hernández Toledo in Cuba. He was a cameraman and photojournalist who began his extensive career working for Noticiario Nacional de Cuba. An entrepreneur as well, he formed his own news production companies, Cineperiódico and Noticuba, sometimes referred to as Noticuba-Bohemia, producing news features to be exhibited in theaters and television. During his extensive career, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” covered major news events not only in Cuba, but in countries such as Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina, England, and the United States. In 1947, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” won a special award for his news report on "La Batalla de Orfila”, where he filmed the tragic event in which five people died, including Emilio Tró and Aurora Soler, the pregnant wife of Antonio Morín Dopico, the chief of police of Marianao. Morín Dopico and Aurora Soler were hosting a lunch attended by Emilio Tro, whose enemies shot at the house without care as to who was inside. Morin Dopico was able to safely exit the house while carrying his wounded infant daughter. A gifted camarographer, cinematographer, and photographer, "Guayo" won a total of eight “Juan Gualberto Gómez” awards, the highest journalistic accolade awarded in pre-Revolution Cuba.

In 1958, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” and Agustín Alles Soberón were the first Cuban journalists to reach Fidel Castro’s encampment in the Sierra Maestra Mountain, where they interviewed Castro and filmed the daily activities of the guerrillas and their encampment, using the footage to produce the film “Sierra Maestra: Baluarte de la Revolución Cubana”. In 1952, Fulgencio Batista declared himself president of Cuba when he overthrew the democratically elected president, Carlos Prío Socarrás, by a military coup. The majority of the people in Cuba supported Fidel Castro and the revolution, believing that a new democratic era would begin once Batista was ousted from the presidency of Cuba. When Batista fled to Santo Domingo in 1959, “Guayo” filmed Castro’s victory march and address to the Cuban people. Soon after the Revolution, disillusioned with the Castro government, Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” went into exile. He lived in New York, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, and Miami. While in exile, he produced films speaking against the “betrayal” of the Cuban people, in particular "Historia de Una Traición", and “Yo Volveré”. In his work as a photojournalist, he accompanied counter-revolutionary groups such as the Movimiento de Recuperación Revolucionario (MRR), and Alpha 66, reporting on both, training and active missions, in their attempts to free Cuba from the Castro dictatorship.

Eduardo Hernández “Guayo”worked as cameraman, camarographer, and photographer for El Miami Herald, The Miami Herald, Bohemia; Replica, El Nuevo Día, and others. He was greatly admired and respected by friends and colleagues, both as one of the premiere cameramen and newsreporters from Cuba, as well as for his, kind, compassionate, and jovial human nature. He was survived by his second wife, Marianna Hernández Abreu, mother of Luis Hernández Abreu, and Eduardo “Guayito” and Jorge (George) Hernández, his two sons with his first wife.

Extent

14.50 Linear Feet (28 boxes, 2 oversize items)

Abstract

Photographs, publications, articles, documents, films, oral histories, artifacts, stamps, Cuban currency, and other items related to Cuban photojournalist and cinematographer Eduardo Hernández "Guayo", who was one of Cuba's most celebrated cameramen and reporters of the twentieth century.

Location

Please note that part of this collection is housed in the Auxiliary Library Facility off campus and will require advance notice for timely retrieval. Please contact the Special and Area Studies Collections department prior to your visit.

Other Finding Aids

This guide is available in Spanish at https://www.uflib.ufl.edu/findingaids/Spanish/mss0625.pdf.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Luis Hernández Abreu with assistance from Professor Lillian Guerra in 2023.

Title
A Guide to the Eduardo Hernández “Guayo” Papers
Status
Completed
Author
Finding aid created by Martha Kapelewski
Date
September 2023
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Description is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository

Contact:
George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America
352-273-2755