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Price Library of Judaica Calendar Collection

 Collection
Identifier: JUD Coll. 0002

Scope and Content

The majority of calendars in the collection are small-size pocket calendars (even if their title does not suggest so).They could be easily carried around and the user could even add notes (and at the designated space, telephone numbers). The yahrzeit calendars enable the user to calculate and record future anniversaries by indicating the corresponding Gregorian dates that each year would be different, given the asynchrony between the Hebrew and Gregorian calendar. The nineteenth-century German yearbooks, the Uruguayan Yiddish-Spanish almanacs, and the Dutch almanacs included in the collection shed light on the broader cultural and intellectual atmosphere in which the potential users of these calendars lived. They include studies, essays, and shorter informational writings about Jewish history, Judaism, and Jewish organizations. The advertisements placed in the Uruguayan almanacs depict the material and organizational structure of Jewish life in Montevideo. As these Almanacs record Uruguayan national holidays, printed almost a century earlier, the Yearbook for Israelites for 5607 indicates Protestant and Catholic holidays and important dates and phrases pertaining to time keeping in other countries, such as the names of the months in France. It also features shorter writings by the German rabbi and scholar Ludwig Phillipson, the renowned bibliographer and historian Moritz Steinschneider, the German Jewish historian Isaak Marcus Jost, and the Hungarian rabbi and Leopold Löw. They and the other authors featured in the yearbook were leading Jewish intellectuals of the era, many of them associated with the international scholarly movement, Wissenschaft des Judentums (Jewish scholarship). Poems in German are also included. The 1852 calendar includes some handwritten notes.

The Calendar collection demonstrates changing views of time in different Jewish communities and the practices and ideas associated with time keeping in different Jewish cultures.

Dates

  • 1946-2017
  • Majority of material found within 1950-1973

Creator

Language of Materials

Includes materials written in English, German, Yiddish, Hebrew, Dutch, Romanian, Lithuanian, Russian, and Spanish.

Biographical/Historical Note

Calendars play a central role in Jewish communal life: they indicate the yearly cycle of religious holidays and everyday practices, closely tied to the agricultural work-cycle as well. Accordingly, they also reflect the rhythm of private and family life.

The examples in this collection are from Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Palestine, Israel, Poland, Romania, Uruguay, and the USA. They demonstrate that nineteenth and twentieth century-calendars offered additional information as well. Publishers added educational and entertaining bits of writing thought to be either related or to raise interest in their publications. Calendars also accommodate the calculation and recording of private anniversaries, such as Sara Wertheim's yahrzeit (anniversary, Yiddish) calendar, which lists the yearly anniversaries of her death according to the Gregorian calendar. Similarly, a yahrzeit calculator published by the Goldman bookstore in New York in 1950 invites users to keep the anniversaries of not only the passing loved ones, but also other important events, such as marriages.

Extent

.41 Linear feet (1 Box and an Oversize Folder)

Abstract

The items included sample the rich variety in genre and form of the Hebrew calendar and demonstrate the role of time keeping in Jewish cultures throughout the ages.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in chronological order. Both Hebrew and Gregorian dates are listed. Note: Dates are based on calendar year they represent. In some cases, the actual publication date may be different.

Physical Location

University of Florida Smathers Library Building

Acquisition Information

Most of the items in the collection were acquired by the former head of the Price Library, the bibliographer Robert Singerman. The Wertheim yahrzeit calendar and the 1846-1847 yearbook are from the Offenbach Depot. The rest of the items were collected from various sources, some of the pocket calendars were purchased in 2015.

Title
A Guide to the Price Library of Judaica Calendar Collection
Status
Completed
Author
Finding aid created by Katalin Franciska Rac
Date
December 2017, complemented April 2019
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Description is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository

Contact:
George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America
352-273-2755