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Al Burt Papers

Identifier: MS 269

Scope and Content

The Al Burt Papers are divided into major sections for public talks, correspondence, subject files, writings and articles, photographs, audiovisual materials, and clippings.

Boxes 2 through 4 contain files of Burt's talks to libraries, civic groups, and conferences. Many of these are variations on the themes of "cracker" life in Florida, sense of place, and preserving Florida's environment. Others are subject specific, such as talks about his career as a reporter. He also made book tour appearances for all three of his popular works on Florida.

The collection is surprisingly sparse in correspondence given the length of Burt's career. Much of his incoming and outgoing mail is incorporated into the subject files as part of the research he was doing on stories for the Herald. A small box of general correspondence (Box 5) contains letters pertaining to the wounding of Burt and Doug Kennedy in the Dominican Republic in 1965; letters from editors and writers at the Miami Herald; letters from family and friends; and fan mail. Where there are two or more letters from the same correspondent, the correspondent is identified by name. Usually these letters are ones that Burt himself kept in a scrapbook of notable mail. Two folders of fan mail contain short notes of appreciation from many well-wishers, including Florida governors LeRoy Collins, Bob Graham, and Bob Martinez, U.S. senators Lawton Chiles, George McGovern, and Ed Muskie, fellow writers Dave Barry, Patrick Smith, and Erskine Caldwell, historians Michael Gannon and Albert Manucy, and other colleagues, interviewees, and readers. This mail is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subject files fall into several categories: general, county, and Caribbean. These files typically include background research Burt collected on a topic as well as interview notes, letters, emails, and drafts of articles. Burt tended to write down his interview notes on yellow notepads and also backed up his interviews with tape recordings. His notes are legible and in the longer interviews contain material that did not appear in print.

The general subject files are arranged alphabetically according to the labels Burt provided, usually a key word for the topic, individual, or place he was researching for a story. A subsection of the general files (following the letter "M") consist of papers and correspondence about Burt's home base, Melrose, along with files about Historic Melrose, Inc., an association dedicated to preserving the town. The county files are in alphabetical order. With the exception of Okeechobee and Collier counties, they represent Burt's research on central and north Florida and the Panhandle. The Caribbean files are divided into Bahamas, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. The latter include extensive documentation of Burt and Kennedy's law suit for compensation stemming from the 1965 friendly fire incident.

Box 22 contains miscellaneous writings by Burt, including his college fiction and drafts for Tropic of Cracker.

Burt kept an extensive photo file and most photographs are labeled or otherwise identified. Photos illustrate his career, places he visited, people he interviewed, and assignments he had as a foreign correspondent.

Audiovisual materials supplement all aspects of the collection. Included are CDs and DVDs of Burt reading from his works and taped interviews backing up his written notes. Of interest is his taped interview with Fidel Casto, his set of tapes from interviews with author Harry Crews, and a reel-to-reel news report about the 1965 shooting of Burt and Doug Kennedy in the Dominican Republic (see inventory for audiovisual items). These materials are currently being reformatted and duplicated and may not be accessible for research. Researchers are advised to check beforehand about availability.

The Miami Herald provided Burt with clippings of his articles and stories and the collection includes a long run of his Tropic magazine feature articles (1974-1988) as well as hundreds of other stories he wrote. Burt created a useful index for his Tropic articles and this has been reproduced online (link). The remainder of his archived clippings - features, news reports, op. ed. pieces, foreign correspondence, etc. - are arranged chronologically and are not indexed. They represent a substantial body of his career's work but they are not comprehensive. Tropic Sunday magazine articles are stored in chronological order by decade. Other articles are stored in folders in oversize newspaper boxes by decade.

Two oversize boxes contain citations, awards, and plaques that Burt received. These are also preserved as digital images, as is a 1949 caricature of Burt from around the time of his graduation from UF. The original of this sketch is with Gloria Burt. Other memorabilia include Burt's press identification cards, UF and Herald pins, and copies of the 1947-1948 UF student handbook, of which Burt was the editor.


  • Creation: 1948-2009
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1961-2007



The collection is open for use EXCEPT for the audiovisual and electronic media, which are being inventoried and duplicated.

Biographical/Historical Note

Alvin Victor Burt Jr. (1927-2008), Miami Herald reporter and columnist, was born Sept. 11, 1927, in Oglethorpe County, Georgia but grew up at the family home in Jacksonville, Florida. In later life, he prided himself on being both a native Georgian and a native Floridian. He always described Florida as "home," however, and would immortalize its people and places in his column "Al Burt's Florida."

Burt studied journalism at the University of Florida, where he was a member of Sigma Chi fraternity, served as an editor for The Alligator, and worked part-time at the Jacksonville Journal. His first job after he graduated in 1949 was condensing United Press wire service news to be read on the radio. "This was probably the best training I ever had," he said in an oral history interview in 1999, "to take a 600- or 700-word story and boil it down to two sentences for the radio."

In 1950 Burt joined the Atlanta Journal as a sports writer, then went back to the Jacksonville Journal for four years and was hired onto the Miami Herald in 1955. This started him on his 37 year career with the Herald as sports writer, reporter, editor, feature writer, and columnist. Burt headed the Herald's Broward County news bureau, then became night city editor, and then went to Cuba in 1961 as a foreign correspondent. He won the Ernie Pyle Award that year for his reports on the revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power. In 1962, Burt became the Herald's editor on Latin America, an assignment that took him on travels throughout the Caribbean and South America. He covered Haiti in 1963 and was expelled when his stories angered dictator Francois Duvalier. Burt and co-author Bernard Diederich later published a book about Duvalier, Papa Doc: The Truth About Haiti Today (1969).

However the news assignment that changed Burt's life was his coverage of the American military occupation of the Dominican Republic in 1965. On May 6th, 1965, while out on a story, both Burt and Herald photographer Doug Kennedy were severely wounded in a friendly fire incident at a roadside check point set up by the U.S. Marines. "They gave us conflicting signals," he later recalled, "come forward, go back." Confused, their driver put the car in reverse to back up and the Marines opened fire with a machine gun. Kennedy, in the front seat, took hits to the head and belly. Burt was shot nine times, the bullets shattering his hip. They were treated in the field, then air-lifted to Fort Bragg, N.C. Kennedy came out of the shooting permanently disabled in one leg and with shattered health. For Burt, recovery took two surgeries and three months in hospital. He afterwards suffered from life-long problems with walking, blood circulation, and other medical complications.

Burt returned to the Herald after his recovery but in 1966 he relocated to Hartwell, Georgia, where he was part-owner of a weekly newspaper. The following year, on June 23, 1967, he married Gloria White [Burt]. A few months later, Burt rejoined the Herald and the couple moved to Miami. Burt covered events in the Bahamas, hit the presidential campaign trail with George Wallace in 1968, and worked as lead editorial writer on affairs in Latin America. In 1973 he accepted the Herald's offer to become a feature writer and columnist covering Florida. It was the job that would give him his legacy, allowing him to pick and choose his own topics and to work as a roving reporter.

In order to make travel around the state easier, Burt and Gloria moved from Miami to rural small-town Melrose in north central Florida. From their house on the lake, Burt launched the best-known part of his career as a writer on all things to do with life in Florida, focusing on people both celebrated and unknown, on nature and wildlife, and on the many hamlets and communities of the state's back roads. He and Gloria traveled the state together. "It was very much of a partnership thing, and we shared it. The best years of my life are the ones I spent traveling Florida."

Burt wrote his features with a news reporter's attention to accuracy but with a satirist's wry wit, highlighting what was quaint and charming about Florida while decrying the rape of its natural beauty. The cover of his book Becalmed in the Mullet Latitudes (1983) summed up his view of Florida. It featured a map that divided the state into such regions as Floribama (the Panhandle), Florgia (Central and Northeastern Florida), the Colonized Coast (South Florida), and the Conch Republic (Key West). With his column "Around Florida" and his regular feature "Al Burt's Florida," he ranked among the Herald's most popular writers.

Burt's feature stories included profiles of such well-know people as Jackie Gleason, Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Archie Carr, Harry Crews, Bob Graham, Stetson Kennedy, and Willie Nelson, but most of his writing focused on people and places little known to the urban South Florida readership of the Herald. He described an older more rural Florida represented in the hundreds of small towns he and Gloria visited.

"I tried to explain some of the shock and disorientation that come with rapid changes," he said in one of his autobiographical talks, "and how old customs and traditions and natural beauty were being exchanged for new conveniences and new opportunities and greater diversity. Over the years with building melancholy I reached the horseback conclusion that Florida, a great state, was putting itself in jeopardy." An advocate of all things "cracker" Burt often drew comparisons between rural and metropolitan life in Florida, almost always in favor of what was rural.

By the 1990s complications from his 1965 injury were slowly decreasing his mobility, from walking with the aid of a cane, to use of crutches, and finally to use of a wheelchair. He retired from the Herald in 1995 to become a freelance writer. His own favorite work Al Burt's Florida appeared in 1997 followed by Tropic of Cracker (1999). Burt found himself in demand as a speaker, especially with libraries and conservation groups. He crisscrossed the state doing talks and book tours. His interest in the Caribbean remained with him, as well. Among the works he never finished was a biography of Lynden O. Pindling, first prime minister of the Bahamas. Other published works were Florida: A Place in the Sun (1974) with photos by Heinz Erhardt and contributions to The Wild Heart of Florida (1999) and The Book of the Everglades (2002).

Besides the Ernie Pyle Award (1961), Burt was the recipient of an Associated Press award (1964) for feature writing, a Scripps-Howard award (1966) for an interview with Fidel Castro, an Overseas Press Club of New York award for foreign correspondence (1971), the Florida Society of Newspaper Editors award for best editorial (1973), and the J.C. Penney-Missouri Journalism Award for feature writing (1980).

In addition, the Florida Audubon Society named him outstanding journalist (1984), the 1000 Friends of Florida established an annual Al Burt Award for environmental journalism and named him the first recipient (1989), and the Alachua Conservation Trust named him a conservation steward (2006). He was inducted into The Independent Alligator Hall of Fame in 1999 and was also named distinguished alumnus to the College of Journalism, University of Florida. In 1998 the Florida Historical Society awarded him the Patrick Smith Literary Prize. In 2004 Leadership Florida honored him with the LeRoy Collins Lifetime Achievement Award. Burt also received numerous commendations for his advocacy to protect Florida's springs and rivers.

Al Burt died in Jacksonville on November 30, 2008, at the age of 81.

References: "A Legend Rests," by Michael Browning, Miami Herald, Sunday, January 21, 1996, 3B; Interview with Al Burt, by Dr. Jean Chance, Florida Newspaper Project, October 6, 1999, Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, University of Florida; "Herald reporter, columnist once shot by U.S. Marines," Miami Herald, Obituaries, Sunday, Nov. 11, 2008; Al Burt resumes, Box 1, Al Burt Papers; fragment, autobiographical talk, Box 1, Al Burt Papers; Who's Who in America, 65th edition, 2011.


22 Linear feet (44 boxes, including boxes for articles, columns, and Tropic features, additional audio and audiovisual materials)

Language of Materials



Subject files, background notes, interviews, talks, and copies of articles and columns from the noted Miami Herald journalist Al Burt, author of Becalmed in the Mullet Latitudes, Al Burt's Florida, Tropic of Cracker, and other works.

Physical Location

University of Florida Smathers Library Building

Acquisition Information

Gift of Al and Gloria Burt.

Alternate Form of Material

Digital reproductions of items in the Al Burt Papers are available online via the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC). Please read the Permissions for Use statement for information on copyright, fair use, and use of UFDC digital objects.

A Guide to the Al Burt Papers
Finding aid created by James Cusick with the assistance of Candice Ellis, Ian Gaffney, Anastasia Bower, Bronwyn McCarthy, Jen Kiser, and Nicole Milano
April 2010
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository

George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America