Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs
Scope and Content
The Paul A. Hughes Collection is comprised of 255 stereograph images showcasing scenes and views of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Also featured prominently are stereographs images from the Spanish American War. The stereograph cards were taken between 1898 and 1907 by the following publishing companies: Underwood & Underwood, American Stereoscopic Company, Keystone View Company, Strohmeyer and Wyman, H. C. White Company, Universal Photo Art Company, and M. H. Zahner. The Greater Antilles are represented by Cuba (Series 1), Puerto Rico (Series 2), and Jamaica (Series 4). Cuba is featured prominently, followed by Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. The majority of the stereographs from Jamaica are images taken after the 1907 Kingston, Jamaica earthquake. The Lesser Antilles (Series 3) are represented with views of Martinique, Guadeloupe, Nevis, Barbados, St. Kitts, and St. Vincent. The collection documents the aftermath of several catastrophes, such as the eruption of Mount Pelée in Martinique and an earthquake caused by the Soufriere Volcano in Guadeloupe. The rest of the Lesser Antilles islands is also represented.
- Hughes, Paul A. (Collector, Person)
This collection is open for research.
Stereographs, two almost identical photographs paired to create a three-dimensional experience, were first made in the 1850s. People viewed stereographs as a form of entertainment until the 1920s. Stereographs also had an educational purpose: they provided images of significant events, and of diverse places and people.
The collection includes stereographs from two of the most important stereographic firms in the United States: Underwood & Underwood and Keystone View Company. Brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood founded Underwood & Underwood in 1880 in Ottawa, Kansas. Starting with door to door sales and eventually branching out into freelance photography work, the brothers' company grew large enough to relocate to New York City in 1891. At the turn of the century the firm was selling 300,000 stereographs a year. After stereograph production was discontinued in the 1920s, Underwood & Underwood sold its stereographic stock to the Keystone View Company.
1.2 Linear feet (2 Boxes)
Language of Materials
The collection includes 255 stereograph images showcasing scenes and views of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Also featured prominently are stereographs images from the Spanish American War.
This collection is arranged into four series: "Series 1: Cuba," "Series 2: Puerto Rico," "Series 3: Lesser Antilles", "Series 4: Jamaica", "Series 5: Spanish American War".
University of Florida Smathers Library Building
Alternate Form of Finding Aid
This guide is available in Spanish at https://www.uflib.ufl.edu/findingaids/Spanish/mss0341.pdf.
The collection was donated by Paul A. Hughes in 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021.
Alternative Format Available
- Caribbean Area.
- Country life.
- Cuba -- Havana.
- Cuba -- Santiago de Cuba -- Castillo del Morro.
- Keystone View Company.
- Martinique -- Mount Pelée.
- Puerto Rico.
- Spanish-American War (1898).
- Sugar factories.
- Underwood & Underwood.
- electronic records (digital records)
- stereoscopic photographs
- A Guide to the Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs
- Finding aid created by Ana D. Rodriguez and Richard Phillips. Updated November 2017 by Katiana Bagué. Updated January 2018 by Margarita Vargas-Betancourt.
- October 2015 (Updated July 2021)
- Description rules
- Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is written in English.
Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository
George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America