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Haitiana Collection

Identifier: MS Group 023

Scope and Content

The records in the Haitiana Collection document the history of Haiti during the second half of the 18th century (1789), 19th century, and the first half of the 20th century (1805-1954). The collection primarily is comprised of correspondence to and from various Presidents and Emperors of Haiti, government officials (Secretaries for Foreign Relations, Economy, Public Instruction, etc.), and presidents and leaders of other nations, particularly in the Caribbean, the United States and Europe. A large number of the letters are from Roman Catholic popes and other heads of state around the world congratulating the leaders of Haiti on their inaugurations. Other documents include reports, commercial agreements (with the U.S. and other countries), reports of military activities, appointments, laws, and documents pertaining to diplomatic and consular affairs.

Among the many Haitian heads of state represented in this collection are Alexandre Pétion, Faustin Soulouque, Nissage Saget, Lysius Salomon, Pierre Nord Alexis, François Antoine Simon, Oreste Zamor, Joseph Davilmar Theodore, Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, and Sténio Vincent. Other notable Haitians include Murville Ferere, Minister of Foreign Relations; Solon Menos, Haitian ambassador to the U.S.; and General Turenne Jean-Gilles; and Charles Moravia, Minister Plenipotentiary to the U.S. during the American occupation of Haiti.

The collection was acquired and processed as five groups: MS Group 23A spans 1900-1943; MS Group 23B spans 1903-1954; MS Group 23C spans 1900-1944; MS Group 23D spans 1805-1899; and MS Group 23E spans the year 1789. The first three groups cover the 20th century, and the dates and subjects overlap considerably. The fourth group spans the 19th century, and there is very little overlap between it and the first three groups.The fifth group contains one document from the 18th century.

Additions to the collection have been added to Ms Group 23F.


  • Creation: 1789-1954


The collection is open for research.


1.3 Linear feet (3 boxes and oversize items)

Language of Materials



Correspondence and other records documenting politics in Haiti in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.

Physical Location

University of Florida Smathers Library Building

Alternate Form of Material

Digital reproductions of items in this collection are available online via the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC). Please read the Permissions for Use statement for information on copyright, fair use, and use of UFDC digital objects.

Related Materials

Nineteenth-Century Colonial Cuban Documents Collection, at the University of Florida.

Twentieth-Century Cuban Documents Collection, at the University of Florida.

Latin American Documents Collection, at the University of Florida.

Caribbean Documents Collection, at the University of Florida.

Processing Notes

Some of the documents in this collection are described at the individual item level, particularly in Group 23A. Many of the document descriptions use the following abbreviations: LS for Letter Signed; ALS for Autograph Letter Signed; and TLS for Typewritten Letter Signed.

A Guide to the Haitiana Collection
Finding aid created by Dept. Staff
August 2007 (Updated March 2022)
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository

George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America