Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau Papers
Scope and Content
The Rochambeau Papers include correspondence, decrees, microfilm, maps and other documents regarding Saint Domingue and Toussaint Louverture. The collection contains information on the history of Saint Domingue (Haiti), Santo Domingo, Jamaica and Martinique. It covers population, commerce, laws, customs, roads, buildings, agriculture, and especially the uprisings that occurred in Haiti around 1801-1803. The letters sent by English commanders Laring, Dundas and Bligh are the most significant. Some letters contain news about the war, security measures, troop movements, and military administration. These documents illustrate the failing condition of the French Army due to lack of supplies and sickness such as Yellow Fever. There are also microfilm copies of letters from the Archives Nationale from various significant figures, as well as original maps of roads and ports in the French portion of the island.
All documents in the Rochambeau Papers are described in A Calendar of Rochambeau Papers at the University of Florida Libraries, compiled by Laura V. Monti, Gainesville, 1972. The Calendar is available at http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00019569/.
- Creation: 1764-1803
The collection is open for research.
Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau was a French General and Colonial Governor. He was born in Paris, France, on August 7, 1750. He began his military career by fighting with his father in the American War of Independence. His success gained promotions, and he played a key role in campaigns in Saint Domingue, eventually confronting Governor Toussaint Louverture. Beating Louverture, he was captured by other forces on the island but was later returned to France. He died on October 20, 1813, at the Battle of Leipzig, under Napoleon Bonaparte.
18 Linear feet (24 boxes)
Language of Materials
Correspondence, decrees, and other documents regarding Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau's involvement with Saint Domingue and Toussaint Louverture.
University of Florida Smathers Library Building
Alternate Form of Finding Aid
To review the descriptions of individual items in the Rochambeau Papers refer to A Calendar of Rochambeau Papers at the University of Florida Libraries, compiled by Laura V. Monti, Gainesville, 1972. The Calendar is available at http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00019569/.
In 1971, Sotheby of London reported that there were no records of provenance for this collection. The descendants of General Rochambeau, Counts Philippe and Michel de Rochambeau, both confirmed that they were unaware of the history of these documents. In 1958, due to the efforts of the former Library Director, Stanley West, and the Assistant Director, Dr. Margaret Knox Goggin, it was possible for the University of Florida Libraries to acquire the nucleus of the collection at the auction of Sotheby of London. Through the years more documents were added, bought from Julio Lobo of Madrid, Kraus of New York, and Fischer of Puerto Rico whose representatives were also at the Sotheby sale.
- A Guide to the Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau Papers
- Finding aid created by Dept. Staff
- December 2011
- Description rules
- Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is written in English.
Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository
George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America