Reina Peñate de Tito Collection
Scope and Content
In this collection, Peñate de Tito describes life in jail as a political prisoner during Fidel Castro's regime, as well as her feelings, and the friendships she made. A significant aspect of her testimonials is that she describes the way political prisoners not only survived but were able to rebel and resist while incarcerated. Furthermore, she explained institutional policies that the government used to deal with political prisoners, such as "El Consejo," which was a trial that took place when the political prisoner had finished his/her sentence to determine whether the person should be released.
The collection also contains one scrapbook with news clippings, photographs, letters, and documents regarding her experience as a political prisoner and about other women who were also political prisoners from Cuba. It also includes one magazine “The Miami Herald” Special publication on “Mariel. 25 años después. La travesía, los testimonios.”
- 1961 - 2011
- Peñate de Tito, Reina, 1929- (Person)
The collection is open for research.
Reina Peñate de Tito was born in 1929 in Central Preston, Oriente, Cuba. In 1959, she lived in Havana and worked at the Ministerio de Educación. Two years later, she joined a counter revolutionary group, led by Eumelio Rodríguez. On May 17, 1961, the G2 (secret agents from the Department of National Security) ambushed the group. Peñate de Tito and other members of the group were sentenced to nine years of prison. During those years, she was taken to several prisons, such as Guanabacoa, La Cabaña, Guanajay (in Pinar del Río), Baracoa (in Oriente), and La Granja América Libre. In her testimonials, she names some of the other political prisoners that she encountered, such as Polita Grau, the niece of President Grau who had been First Lady during his term, and Sara del Toro, former owner of a plantation (finca) that later became the prison América Libre. Peñate de Tito was released on January 5, 1970.
0.26 Linear feet (1 folder. 1 scrapbook)
Language of Materials
In 1961, Reina Peñate de Tito joined a counter-revolutionary group that sought to overthrow Fidel Castro. That same year, along with other members of the group, she was arrested. This collection includes testimonials on her experience as a political prisoner as well as copies of the sentence and release documents. The collection also contains one scrapbook with news clippings, photographs, letters, and documents regarding her experience as a political prisoner, and “The Miami Herald” magazine special publication on "Mariel. 25 años después. La travesía, los testimonios."
University of Florida Smathers Library Building
Alternate Form of Finding Aid
This guide is available in Spanish at https://www.uflib.ufl.edu/findingaids/Spanish/msgroup022.pdf.
Reina Peñate de Tito donated the collection to the University of Florida in 2012. The scrapbook "Chronicles of an ex-prisoner" and the Magazine "Miami Herald" were added to the collection in 2020.
- A Guide to the Reina Peñate de Tito Collection
- Finding aid created by Margarita Vargas-Betancourt
- October 2012 (Updated October 2020)
- Description rules
- Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is written in English.
Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository
George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America