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Duane Locke Papers

Identifier: MS Group 080

Scope and Content

Correspondence makes up the bulk of the Locke Papers by far. Much of the correspondence is either from poets sending submissions to the journals that Locke edited, his own poetry submissions to other journals and editors of anthologies, or general correspondence with other poets, several of whom were his former students. The majority of the correspondence is to Locke. His own letters are represented only by carbon copies. The largest numbers of letters are with other poetry editors and publishers: Fred Wolven, editor of the Ann Arbor Review (about 140 items), Harvey Tucker of Black Sun Press (about 65 items), Hugh Fox (Ghost Dance Press, about 45 items), Paul Roth (Bitter Oleander Press, 29 items). Among other poets and former students who corresponded with Locke are Sylvia Krohn Scheibli (36 items), Charles Hayes (35 items), Helene Jarmol (33 items), Leo Connellan (32 items), William Taylor (32), Nico Suarez (31), Gerritt O' Sullivan (24 items), Sam Cornish (24 items), Jane Leonard (24 items), James MacQueen (19 items), Randall Ackley (18 items), and Roger Sauls (18 items). Several of these were former students. Some had worked with him on the Poetry Review.

Among the better known poets included among the correspondents are Robert Bly (13 items), David Ignatow (2 letters), Louis Hammer (3 items), Robert Morgan (6 items), and Diane Wakoski (11 items), all of whom were published in Locke's journals. Several letters and manuscripts of Hans Juergensen are included. Much of the correspondence is signed with only a first name, or in case of Locke's carbons, addressed to only a first name. Much of this correspondence has been tentatively identified from the context, physical placement within the letters, handwriting, or simply the occurrence of the name. Researchers will need to satisfy themselves as to the identification of the writer, or the addressee. A number of letters are arranged simply by first name. Manuscripts are often included with the correspondence.

Other correspondence includes some of Locke's academic correspondence with the University of Tampa and other schools, and his work on a Poetry in the Schools project in Tampa (1972-74).

The Papers also include several short manuscript drafts by Locke and others. The manuscripts by others, usually typed poems, were probably submissions for Locke's journals, sent without accompanying correspondence, or have been separated from the correspondence. Writers include Damon Fazio, Barry MacDonald, and Nico Suarez.


  • Creation: 1956-1976



The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Copyright has not been transferred to the University of Florida. Permission to publish from this material must be obtained from the individual writers or copyright holders.

Biographical/Historical Note

Duane Locke is a poet, editor, and University of Tampa professor of English and poet-in-residence. Locke is the author of more than 2000 poems, published in numerous magazines and some 14 books. He edited the Poetry Review (University of Tampa, 1964-1971), the UT Review (1972-1982), and Abatis (University of Tampa, 1983-1986). He was the leader of a group of poets, mostly his former students, who practiced what Locke called "linguistic realism," and known as immanentists. The Immanentist Anthology: Art of the Superconscious (The Smith, 1973), and Mantras: an Anthology of Immantentist Poetry (ed. Alan Britt, Floating Hair Press, 1973) illustrate this poetry. Locke received a Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1958 and was on the University of Tampa faculty throughout his academic career.

Source: Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2002. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: The Gale Group. 2002.


4 Linear feet (8 boxes)

Language of Materials



Correspondence, manuscripts, and a few miscellaneous records of poet Duane Locke.

Physical Location

University of Florida Smathers Library Building

Acquisition Information

Donated by Duane Locke in 1976.

Related Material

The University of Florida also holds the papers of Hans Juergensen.

A Guide to the Duane Locke Papers
Finding aid created by Frank Orser
September 2011
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared Using Dacs
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida Repository

George A. Smathers Libraries
PO Box 117005
Gainesville Florida 32611-7005 United States of America